3:1 A Defection from the Truth Foretold
SUMMARY OF II TIMOTHY 3:
False Teachers Predicted. Enemies of the Truth Described. Paul's Life Known to Timothy. His Example Commended. The Holy Scriptures.
In the last days. In the last ages of the world. The expression is often used of the gospel dispensation.
Perilous times. Grievous, times of distress.
3:2 For men shall be. Some of the characteristics of men in that period are given. Such men probably exist in all ages, but at the time referred to by Paul they shall be in the predominance.
Lovers of their own selves. Selfish.
3:3 Trucebreakers. Implacable (Revised Version). Those who will not make or keep peace.
3:4 Heady. Headstrong.
Lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God. Lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God.
3:5 Having a form of godliness. This implies that the persons described professed to be religious, worshipers of God in outward form. A godless church is described.
But denying the power thereof. Rejecting its power. Their lives are not molded by it.
From such turn away. This implies that some of this formal, godless religion had begun to show itself even at that time.
3:6 For of this sort are they which creep into houses. Men of this sort are they who form a party by creeping into houses and by their seductive influences
lead captive silly women. Not the sensible, pious women, but silly women already laden with sins. Hence, easily led away.
3:7 Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth. Listening with greedy ears to every one that comes along, but never learning anything.
3:8 As Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses. These were the traditional names of the Egyptian magicians who opposed Moses. See Ex 7:11. Paul adopts these names in referring to them. As these opposed Moses, so do the false teachers just described oppose the truth. These names are found in a Jewish Targum on Ex 7:11 22:11.
Reprobate concerning the faith. Have abandoned the faith.
3:9 They shall proceed no further. They shall be exposed, and
their folly shall be manifest unto all [men], their folly revealed to prevent them from further success.
As theirs also was. As Jannes and Jambres could not stand before Moses, these men shall fail before the truth.
3:10 Thou hast fully known my doctrine. Thou didst follow my teaching (Revised Version). Timothy had known his teaching and manner of life, and followed it.
3:11 Persecutions... at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra. See Ac 13:14,50 on Antioch of Pisidia, Ac 14:1,5 on Iconium, Ac 14:6,19. These persecutions befell Paul in the part of Asia where Timothy was reared, and hence he would be familiar with all.
Out of [them] all the Lord delivered me. Hence, let Timothy cheerfully suffer, if need be, and trust the Lord.
3:12 And all indeed that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution. In that age persecution was inseparable from a devoted Christian life. The same has been true, to a certain extent, in all ages. If the church was less worldly it would be more persecuted.
3:13 Evil men. The men who hate the church shall become worse and worse.
Seducers. Enchanters, men who lead astray.
3:14 Continue thou. Refusing to heed the evil men, continue in the truth.
Knowing from whom thou hast learned [them]. Of pious parents first (2Ti 1:5), but more especially of Paul (Ac 16:1).
3:15 And that from a child thou hast known. Taught by his grandmother, Lois, and his mother, Eunice, he had learned to know the Scriptures from childhood (2Ti 1:5).
The holy scriptures. The Books given by inspiration. The Jewish Scriptures are primarily meant, but a part of the New Testament was already written.
Which are able to make thee wise unto salvation. Give thee the wisdom that leads to salvation. If the Old Testament could make him wise, how much more the New Testament!
Through faith which is in Christ Jesus. This is essential. Unless the Scriptures lead to Christ, there is no salvation.
3:16 All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God. The Revised Version is much better: Every Scripture inspired of God is also profitable, etc. Whether it is depends on its inspiration. For instance, the Apocrypha is called Scripture, but is not inspired.
For doctrine. For teaching.
3:17 That the man of God. The preacher. See 1Ti 6:11 1Ki 13:1 2Ki 6:6.
May be perfect. Fully fitted for his work. The sense is complete (Revised Version).
Thoroughly furnished unto all good works. Fully equipped. If he is master of the Holy Scriptures, he is so equipped. If this was true when Paul wrote, with only a part of the New Testament written, with what emphasis may it be said now when we have both the Old Testament and New Testament in full!