Titus 1:1 Directions to Titus
SUMMARY OF TITUS 1:
Why Titus Was Left. The Qualifications of Elders. False Teachers Who Must Be Stopped. The Character of Cretans. Condition of the Cretan Church.
Paul, a servant of God. Paul usually calls himself a servant of Christ. James uses the form here (Jas 1:1).
According to the faith of God's elect. His apostleship looked to the promotion of the faith of God's elect.
And the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness. Bringing men to acknowledge the truth.
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life. All his work as an apostle was in hope, etc.
Titus 1:3 Manifested his word. God has manifested the eternal life promised by his word in the gospel.
Titus 1:4 To Titus, [my] own son. Concerning Titus, see topic 9253. The language here shows that he was one of Paul's converts.
Titus 1:5 For this cause left I thee. Paul had then been in Crete, attended by Titus, and had left him there to set the churches in order.
The things that are wanting. Not only in organization, but in instruction and practice.
Ordain. Appoint (Revised Version). The mode of appointing is not here indicated.
Elders. See notes on 1Ti 3:1-6.
In every city. A plurality were to be appointed wherever there were churches.
Titus 1:6 If any be blameless. The appointment is conditioned on finding the right kind of men. For a discussion of the qualifications, see notes on 1Ti 3:1-6.
Titus 1:7 For a bishop. An elder and bishop were then different names for the same office. See PNT 1Ti 3:1.
Must be. Unless he has these traits he must not be appointed.
Blameless. No charge against him. Compare and see notes on 1Ti 3:2-3.
Titus 1:8 A lover of hospitality. See PNT 1Ti 3:2.
Titus 1:9 Holding fast the faithful word. Sound in the gospel doctrine, and able to teach it to others, as well as to refute opposers.
Titus 1:10 There are many disorderly and vain talkers. The last sentence suggests to Paul to speak of the Cretan errorists. The allusions to the false teachers show that the Epistle belongs to the closing years of the apostle's life.
And deceivers, specially of the circumcision. Jews, perhaps Judaizing Christians who had so troubled the Gentile churches. See the Galatian letter.
Titus 1:11 Whose mouths must be stopped. Muzzled. The way to stop them is for the churches to refuse to hear them. All false teachers, or bad men, should now be stopped from preaching in the same way.
Who subvert whole houses. Subvert their faith.
Titus 1:12 One of themselves. Of the Cretans.
A prophet of their own. A Cretan sage, seer and teacher, Epimenides by name, who lived about 500 B.C.
The Cretans [are] always liars, evil beasts, slow bellies. The hard testimony of his countrymen is quoted from a poem now lost.
Titus 1:13 This witness is true. Paul's observations confirmed it. So do many ancient writers. Cretize (Cretanize) became a slang phrase for lying.
Wherefore rebuke them sharply. Their bad conduct must be sharply rebuked until the gospel so transforms them that they will become sound in the faith.
Titus 1:14 Jewish fables. See PNT 1Ti 1:4.
Commandments of men. Commandments which are only the traditions of men, additions to God's ordinances. See Mr 7:4,8.
Titus 1:15 Unto the pure all things are pure. In the Jewish fables just referred to (Titus 1:14) were rigid regulations concerning foods and purifications. Hence Paul adds, It is not food that makes one impure. To the pure all things are pure. When one is unbelieving and defiled, no food can make him pure. See notes on Ro 14:14 1Co 8:4-8.
Titus 1:16 They profess that they know God. These teachers of Jewish fables and carnal ordinances profess to know and serve God, yet their immoral lives are a denial of him.