3:1 Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit
SUMMARY OF MARK 3:
The Man with the Withered Hand. The Pharisees and Herodians in Council. The Great Physician Healing. The Twelve Apostles Appointed. The Blasphemy of Ascribing His Divine Power to Beelzebub. The Sin That Hath No Forgiveness. Christ's Mother and Brethren.
He entered again into the synagogue. Of Capernaum. Compare Mt 12:9-14 Lu 6:6-11. For fuller notes, see Matthew.
3:2 They watched him. The same critics who had found fault in the preceding chapter. There was present a man whose right hand was withered, and they watched to see whether the Lord would heal him on the Sabbath.
3:3 Stand forth. He read their thoughts and determined to give prominence to the good work. He would heal him on the Sabbath, heal him in the synagogue, heal him before all.
3:4 Is it lawful... to save life, or to kill? A home thrust at the fault-finders. They were harboring murderous thoughts; he was seeking to save life. Which was breaking the Sabbath?
3:5 Looked round about on them with anger. Indignation.
Hardness of their hearts. Shown by their fault finding, evil thoughts, and silence by his questions.
3:6 Pharisees. See PNT Mt 3:7.
Herodians. See PNT Mt 22:16.
Took counsel. Already these inveterate enemies were resolved to destroy Jesus. They took counsel how it might be done. As they went to the partisans of Herod, who ruled in Galilee, they probably sought to persuade them to have Herod put him to death.
3:7 Jesus withdrew himself. See fuller notes on the popularity described in Mr 3:7-12 under Mt 12:15-21.
The sea. Of Galilee. Also consult map for the localities named.
3:8 Idumaea. More anciently called Edom. Southeast of the Jordan, and south of the Dead Sea. That country was occupied by the descendants of Esau. Herod the Great was, on his father's side, an Idumaean.
Tyre and Sidon. See PNT Mt 11:21.
3:9 A small ship. A fishing boat.
3:11 Unclean spirits. See PNT Mt 8:28.
3:13 Goeth up upon a mountain. Compare Mt 10:1-4 Lu 6:12-16. The selection of the apostles occurred before the Sermon on the Mount (Lu 6:13). Matthew gives it out of order. See notes on Mt 10:1-4.
3:14 Ordained twelve, that they should be with him. They were to attend him into order to be specially prepared to preach Christ.
3:16 Simon he surnamed Peter. He did this previously (Joh 1:42).
3:17 Boanerges. Why this title was bestowed on James and John we are not told. Possibly from their power as preachers.
3:19 They went into an house. On the return to Capernaum.
3:20 Could not so much as eat bread. The multitudes were so eager to hear, or be healed, and Jesus so ready to bless them, that there was no time for meals.
3:21 His friends. Probably his relatives. See Mr 3:31. His brethren were not yet counted among his disciples.
He is beside himself. Carried away by an unwise enthusiasm.
3:22 The scribes... said. For notes on the charge of the scribes, Beelzebub, and the sin of blasphemy against the Holy Spirit, see Mt 12:22-37. Compare Lu 11:14-23.
From Jerusalem. The men who were leaders in this effort to destroy the influence of Jesus were a delegation from the very religious bodies at Jerusalem that finally sent him to death.
3:28 Verily I say unto you. See PNT Mt 5:18. This emphatic expression occurs fourteen times in Mark.
3:30 Because they said, He hath an unclean spirit. This was a sin against the Holy Spirit because Jesus did mighty works in the power of the Holy Spirit, and they ascribed the power to an unclean spirit.
3:31 There came then his brethren and his mother. See notes on Mt 12:46-50. Compare Lu 8:19. The natural inference is that the brethren were the sons of Mary and the half-brothers of Jesus. No other idea would ever have been maintained had it not been that the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary arose some centuries after the apostles.